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James Rowe

James Rowe


Office Phone: (7)60695

Departments and Institutes

Clinical Neurosciences:

Research Interests

Characterisation and optimisation of prefrontal cortical functions in health and disease. 

The functions of the prefrontal cortex remain controversial yet they are of great importance to our everyday life, thoughts, actions and self expression. I believe that the functions of the prefrontal cortex can best be understood in terms of its interactions with other brain regions. This calls for analyses of effective connectivity, usually based on neuroimaging like fMRI, MEG, PET or TMS. 

These principles and methods are used to study the way we behave, and make decisions about behaviour, in response to the world around us. As a neurologist, I mainly study those with with neurodegenerative diseaes (dementia, Parkinson's disease) or other brain lesions (tumours/stroke). However, in collaboration with scientists at the MRC-CBU, we have been studying the response to emotions and foods, with implicatons for uderstanding the rise in violent behaviours and obseity.


  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • connectivity
  • prefrontal
  • dementia
  • Parkinson's disease

Key Publications

Hughes LE, Ghosh BC, Rowe JB (2013), “Reorganisation of brain networks in frontotemporal dementia and progressive supranuclear palsy.”Neuroimage (Amst) 2:459-468 Details

Schrag AE, Mehta AR, Bhatia KP, Brown RJ, Frackowiak RS, Trimble MR, Ward NS, Rowe JB (2013), “The functional neuroimaging correlates of psychogenic versus organic dystonia.” Brain 136(Pt 3):770-81 Details

Zhang J, Kriegeskorte N, Carlin JD, Rowe JB (2013), “Choosing the rules: distinct and overlapping frontoparietal representations of task rules for perceptual decisions.” J Neurosci 33(29):11852-62 Details

Ghosh BC, Calder AJ, Peers PV, Lawrence AD, Acosta-Cabronero J, Pereira JM, Hodges JR, Rowe JB (2012), “Social cognitive deficits and their neural correlates in progressive supranuclear palsy.” Brain 135(Pt 7):2089-102 Details

Hughes LE, Nestor PJ, Hodges JR, Rowe JB (2011), “Magnetoencephalography of frontotemporal dementia: spatiotemporally localized changes during semantic decisions.” Brain 134(Pt 9):2513-22 Details

Passamonti L, Fairchild G, Goodyer IM, Hurford G, Hagan CC, Rowe JB, Calder AJ (2010), “Neural abnormalities in early-onset and adolescence-onset conduct disorder.” Arch Gen Psychiatry 67(7):729-38 Details

Sharma N, Baron JC, Rowe JB (2009), “Motor imagery after stroke: relating outcome to motor network connectivity.” Ann Neurol 66(5):604-16Details

Rowe JB, Hughes L, Ghosh BC, Eckstein D, Williams-Gray CH, Fallon S, Barker RA, Owen AM (2008), “Parkinson's disease and dopaminergic therapy--differential effects on movement, reward and cognition.” Brain 131(Pt 8):2094-105 Details

Rowe JB, Sakai K, Lund TE, Ramsøy T, Christensen MS, Baare WF, Paulson OB, Passingham RE (2007), “Is the prefrontal cortex necessary for establishing cognitive sets?” J Neurosci 27(48):13303-10 Details

Rowe JB, Toni I, Josephs O, Frackowiak RSJ, Passingham RE (2000), “The prefrontal cortex: maintenance or response selection in working memory”Science 288:1556-1560



Alexander SK, Rittman T, Xuereb JH, Bak TH, Hodges JR, Rowe JB (2014), “Validation of the new consensus criteria for the diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry Details

Burrell JR, Hodges JR, Rowe JB (2014), “Cognition in corticobasal syndrome and progressive supranuclear palsy: A review.” Mov Disord 29(5):684-93Details

Ferrari R, Hernandez DG, Nalls MA, Rohrer JD, Ramasamy A, Kwok JB, Dobson-Stone C, Brooks WS, Schofield PR, Halliday GM, Hodges JR, Piguet O, Bartley L, Thompson E, Haan E, Hernández I, Ruiz A, Boada M, Borroni B, Padovani A, Cruchaga C, Cairns NJ, Benussi L, Binetti G, Ghidoni R, Forloni G, Galimberti D, Fenoglio C, Serpente M, Scarpini E, Clarimón J, Lleó A, Blesa R, Waldö ML, Nilsson K, Nilsson C, Mackenzie IR, Hsiung GY, Mann DM, Grafman J, Morris CM, Attems J, Griffiths TD, McKeith IG, Thomas AJ, Pietrini P, Huey ED, Wassermann EM, Baborie A, Jaros E, Tierney MC, Pastor P, Razquin C, Ortega-Cubero S, Alonso E, Perneczky R, Diehl-Schmid J, Alexopoulos P, Kurz A, Rainero I, Rubino E, Pinessi L, Rogaeva E, St George-Hyslop P, Rossi G, Tagliavini F, Giaccone G, Rowe JB, Schlachetzki JC, Uphill J, Collinge J, Mead S, Danek A, Van Deerlin VM, Grossman M, Trojanowski JQ, van der Zee J, Deschamps W, Van Langenhove T, Cruts M, Van Broeckhoven C, Cappa SF, Le Ber I, Hannequin D, Golfier V, Vercelletto M, Brice A, (2014), “Frontotemporal dementia and its subtypes: a genome-wide association study.”Lancet Neurol 13(7):686-99 Details

Herz DM, Haagensen BN, Christensen MS, Madsen KH, Rowe JB, Løkkegaard A, Siebner HR (2014), “The acute brain response to levodopa heralds dyskinesias in Parkinson disease.” Ann Neurol 75(6):829-36 Details

Nombela C, Rittman T, Robbins TW, Rowe JB (2014), “Multiple modes of impulsivity in Parkinson's disease.” PLoS One 9(1):e85747 Details

Rae CL, Hughes LE, Weaver C, Anderson MC, Rowe JB (2014), “Selection and stopping in voluntary action: A meta-analysis and combined fMRI study.” Neuroimage 86:381-91 Details

Siebner HR, Strafella AP, Rowe JB (2014), “The white elephant revived: a new marriage between PET and MRI: comment to Cumming: "PET neuroimaging: the white elephant packs his trunk?".” Neuroimage 84:1104-6 Details

Wolpe N, Moore JW, Rae CL, Rittman T, Altena E, Haggard P, Rowe JB (2014), “The medial frontal-prefrontal network for altered awareness and control of action in corticobasal syndrome.” Brain 137(Pt 1):208-20 Details

Wolpe N, Rowe JB (2014), “Beyond the "urge to move": objective measures for the study of agency in the post-Libet era.” Front Hum Neurosci 8:450Details

Wolpe N, Wolpert DM, Rowe JB (2014), “Seeing what you want to see: priors for one's own actions represent exaggerated expectations of success.”Front Behav Neurosci 8:232 Details

Yarnall AJ, Breen DP, Duncan GW, Khoo TK, Coleman SY, Firbank MJ, Nombela C, Winder-Rhodes S, Evans JR, Rowe JB, Mollenhauer B, Kruse N, Hudson G, Chinnery PF, O'Brien JT, Robbins TW, Wesnes K, Brooks DJ, Barker RA, Burn DJ, ICICLE-PD Study Group (2014), “Characterizing mild cognitive impairment in incident Parkinson disease: The ICICLE-PD Study.” Neurology 82(4):308-16 Details

Ye Z, Altena E, Nombela C, Housden CR, Maxwell H, Rittman T, Huddleston C, Rae CL, Regenthal R, Sahakian BJ, Barker RA, Robbins TW, Rowe JB (2014), “Improving Response Inhibition in Parkinson's Disease with Atomoxetine.” Biol Psychiatry Details

Ye Z, Altena E, Nombela C, Housden CR, Maxwell H, Rittman T, Huddleston C, Rae CL, Regenthal R, Sahakian BJ, Barker RA, Robbins TW, Rowe JB (2014), “Selective serotonin reuptake inhibition modulates response inhibition in Parkinson's disease.” Brain 137(Pt 4):1145-55 Details

Yu R, Mobbs D, Seymour B, Rowe JB, Calder AJ (2014), “The neural signature of escalating frustration in humans.” Cortex 54:165-78 Details

Zhang J, Rowe JB (2014), “Dissociable mechanisms of speed-accuracy tradeoff during visual perceptual learning are revealed by a hierarchical drift-diffusion model.” Front Neurosci 8:69 Details


Beck J, Poulter M, Hensman D, Rohrer JD, Mahoney CJ, Adamson G, Campbell T, Uphill J, Borg A, Fratta P, Orrell RW, Malaspina A, Rowe J, Brown J, Hodges J, Sidle K, Polke JM, Houlden H, Schott JM, Fox NC, Rossor MN, Tabrizi SJ, Isaacs AM, Hardy J, Warren JD, Collinge J, Mead S (2013), “Large C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansions are seen in multiple neurodegenerative syndromes and are more frequent than expected in the UK population.” Am J Hum Genet 92(3):345-53 Details

Ewbank MP, Henson RN, Rowe JB, Stoyanova RS, Calder AJ (2013), “Different neural mechanisms within occipitotemporal cortex underlie repetition suppression across same and different-size faces.” Cereb Cortex 23(5):1073-84 Details

Fineberg NA, Haddad PM, Carpenter L, Gannon B, Sharpe R, Young AH, Joyce E, Rowe J, Wellsted D, Nutt D, Sahakian BJ (2013), “The size, burden and cost of disorders of the brain in the UK.” J Psychopharmacol Details

Ghosh BC, Carpenter RH, Rowe JB (2013), “A longitudinal study of motor, oculomotor and cognitive function in progressive supranuclear palsy.” PLoS One 8(9):e74486 Details

Grahn JA, Rowe JB (2013), “Finding and feeling the musical beat: striatal dissociations between detection and prediction of regularity.” Cereb Cortex23(4):913-21 Details

Hornboll B, Macoveanu J, Rowe J, Elliott R, Paulson OB, Siebner HR, Knudsen GM (2013), “Acute serotonin 2A receptor blocking alters the processing of fearful faces in the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala.” J Psychopharmacol Details

Hughes LE, Altena E, Barker RA, Rowe JB (2013), “Perseveration and choice in Parkinson's disease: the impact of progressive frontostriatal dysfunction on action decisions.” Cereb Cortex 23(7):1572-81 Details

Hughes LE, Rowe JB (2013), “The impact of neurodegeneration on network connectivity: a study of change detection in frontotemporal dementia.” J Cogn Neurosci 25(5):802-13 Details

Macoveanu J, Hornboll B, Elliott R, Erritzoe D, Paulson OB, Siebner H, Knudsen GM, Rowe JB (2013), “Serotonin 2A receptors, citalopram and tryptophan-depletion: a multimodal imaging study of their interactions during response inhibition.” Neuropsychopharmacology 38(6):996-1005 Details

Macoveanu J, Rowe JB, Hornboll B, Elliott R, Paulson OB, Knudsen GM, Siebner HR (2013), “Serotonin 2A receptors contribute to the regulation of risk-averse decisions.” Neuroimage 83C:35-44 Details

Macoveanu J, Rowe JB, Hornboll B, Elliott R, Paulson OB, Knudsen GM, Siebner HR (2013), “Playing it safe but losing anyway-Serotonergic signaling of negative outcomes in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex in the context of risk-aversion.” Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 23(8):919-30 Details

Mehta AR, Rowe JB, Schrag AE (2013), “Imaging psychogenic movement disorders.” Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 13(11):402 Details

Mehta AR, Rowe JB, Trimble MR, Edwards MJ, Bhatia KP, Schrag AE (2013), “Coactivation sign in fixed dystonia.” Parkinsonism Relat Disord19(4):474-6 Details

Müller U, Rowe JB, Rittman T, Lewis C, Robbins TW, Sahakian BJ (2013), “Effects of modafinil on non-verbal cognition, task enjoyment and creative thinking in healthy volunteers.” Neuropharmacology 64:490-5 Details

Nombela C, Rae CL, Grahn JA, Barker RA, Owen AM, Rowe JB (2013), “How often does music and rhythm improve patients' perception of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease?” J Neurol 260(5):1404-5 Details

Rittman T, Ghosh BC, McColgan P, Breen DP, Evans J, Williams-Gray CH, Barker RA, Rowe JB (2013), “The Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination for the differential diagnosis and longitudinal assessment of patients with parkinsonian disorders.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 84(5):544-51 Details

von dem Hagen EA, Stoyanova RS, Rowe JB, Baron-Cohen S, Calder AJ (2013), “Direct Gaze Elicits Atypical Activation of the Theory-of-Mind Network in Autism Spectrum Conditions.” Cereb Cortex Details

Wolpe N, Haggard P, Siebner HR, Rowe JB (2013), “Cue integration and the perception of action in intentional binding.” Exp Brain Res 229(3):467-74Details


Carlin JD, Rowe JB, Kriegeskorte N, Thompson R, Calder AJ (2012), “Direction-sensitive codes for observed head turns in human superior temporal sulcus.” Cereb Cortex 22(4):735-44 Details

Coyle-Gilchrist IT, Peck LF, Rowe JB (2012), “Research paper does not show causal link between benzodiazepine use and diagnosis of dementia.” BMJ345:e7984; author reply e7993 Details

Goulden N, McKie S, Thomas EJ, Downey D, Juhasz G, Williams SR, Rowe JB, Deakin JF, Anderson IM, Elliott R (2012), “Reversed frontotemporal connectivity during emotional face processing in remitted depression.” Biol Psychiatry 72(7):604-11 Details

Passamonti L, Crockett MJ, Apergis-Schoute AM, Clark L, Rowe JB, Calder AJ, Robbins TW (2012), “Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on prefrontal-amygdala connectivity while viewing facial signals of aggression.” Biol Psychiatry 71(1):36-43 Details

Passingham RE, Rowe JB, Sakai K (2012), “Has brain imaging discovered anything new about how the brain works?” Neuroimage 66C:142-150Details

Rae CL, Correia MM, Altena E, Hughes LE, Barker RA, Rowe JB (2012), “White matter pathology in Parkinson's disease: the effect of imaging protocol differences and relevance to executive function.” Neuroimage 62(3):1675-84 Details

Rowe JB, Siebner HR (2012), “The motor system and its disorders.” Neuroimage 61(2):464-77 Details

Zhang J, Hughes LE, Rowe JB (2012), “Selection and inhibition mechanisms for human voluntary action decisions.” Neuroimage 63(1):392-402Details


Breen DP, Rowe JB, Barker RA (2011), “Role of brain imaging in early parkinsonism.” BMJ 342:d638 Details

Carlin JD, Calder AJ, Kriegeskorte N, Nili H, Rowe JB (2011), “A head view-invariant representation of gaze direction in anterior superior temporal sulcus.” Curr Biol 21(21):1817-21 Details

Ewbank MP, Lawson RP, Henson RN, Rowe JB, Passamonti L, Calder AJ (2011), “Changes in "top-down" connectivity underlie repetition suppression in the ventral visual pathway.” J Neurosci 31(15):5635-42 Details

Horwitz B, Rowe JB (2011), “Functional biomarkers for neurodegenerative disorders based on the network paradigm.” Prog Neurobiol 95(4):505-9Details

Perneczky R, Ghosh BC, Hughes L, Carpenter RH, Barker RA, Rowe JB (2011), “Saccadic latency in Parkinson's disease correlates with executive function and brain atrophy, but not motor severity.” Neurobiol Dis 43(1):79-85 Details


Hughes LE, Barker RA, Owen AM, Rowe JB (2010), “Parkinson's disease and healthy aging: Independent and interacting effects on action selection.”Hum Brain Mapp Details

Mobbs D, Yu R, Rowe JB, Eich H, FeldmanHall O, Dalgleish T (2010), “Neural activity associated with monitoring the oscillating threat value of a tarantula.” Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107(47):20582-6 Details

Nummenmaa L, Passamonti L, Rowe J, Engell AD, Calder AJ (2010), “Connectivity analysis reveals a cortical network for eye gaze perception.” Cereb Cortex 20(8):1780-7 Details

Rowe JB (2010), “Conversion disorder: understanding the pathogenic links between emotion and motor systems in the brain.” Brain 133(Pt 5):1295-7Details

Rowe JB (2010), “Connectivity Analysis is Essential to Understand Neurological Disorders.” Front Syst Neurosci 4 Details

Rowe JB, Hughes L, Nimmo-Smith I (2010), “Action selection: a race model for selected and non-selected actions distinguishes the contribution of premotor and prefrontal areas.” Neuroimage 51(2):888-96 Details

Rowe JB, Hughes LE, Barker RA, Owen AM (2010), “Dynamic causal modelling of effective connectivity from fMRI: Are results reproducible and sensitive to Parkinson's disease and its treatment?” Neuroimage Details


Berry E, Hampshire A, Rowe J, Hodges S, Kapur N, Watson P, Browne G, Smyth G, Wood K, Owen AM (2009), “The neural basis of effective memory therapy in a patient with limbic encephalitis.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 80(11):1202-5 Details

Bledowski C, Rahm B, Rowe JB (2009), “What "works" in working memory? Separate systems for selection and updating of critical information.” J Neurosci 29(43):13735-41 Details

Ghosh BC, Rowe JB, Calder AJ, Hodges JR, Bak TH (2009), “Emotion recognition in progressive supranuclear palsy.” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry80(10):1143-5 Details

Grahn JA, Rowe JB (2009), “Feeling the beat: premotor and striatal interactions in musicians and nonmusicians during beat perception.” J Neurosci29(23):7540-8 Details

Passamonti L, Rowe JB, Schwarzbauer C, Ewbank MP, von dem Hagen E, Calder AJ (2009), “Personality predicts the brain's response to viewing appetizing foods: the neural basis of a risk factor for overeating.” J Neurosci 29(1):43-51 Details


Christensen MS, Kristiansen L, Rowe JB, Nielsen JB (2008), “Action-blindsight in healthy subjects after transcranial magnetic stimulation.” Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(4):1353-7 Details

Korsholm K, Madsen KH, Frederiksen JL, Rowe JB, Lund TE (2008), “Cortical neuroplasticity in patients recovering from acute optic neuritis.”Neuroimage 42(2):836-44 Details

Passamonti L, Rowe JB, Ewbank M, Hampshire A, Keane J, Calder AJ (2008), “Connectivity from the ventral anterior cingulate to the amygdala is modulated by appetitive motivation in response to facial signals of aggression.” Neuroimage 43(3):562-70 Details

Rowe J, Hughes L, Eckstein D, Owen AM (2008), “Rule-selection and action-selection have a shared neuroanatomical basis in the human prefrontal and parietal cortex.” Cereb Cortex 18(10):2275-85 Details

Rowe JB, Eckstein D, Braver T, Owen AM (2008), “How does reward expectation influence cognition in the human brain?” J Cogn Neurosci20(11):1980-92 Details

Rowe JB, Hughes L, Williams-Gray CH, Bishop S, Fallon S, Barker RA, Owen AM (2008), “The val(158)met COMT polymorphism's effect on atrophy in healthy aging and Parkinson's disease.” Neurobiol Aging Details


Christensen MS, Ramsøy TZ, Lund TE, Madsen KH, Rowe JB (2006), “An fMRI study of the neural correlates of graded visual perception.” Neuroimage31(4):1711-25 Details

Rowe JB, Siebner H, Filipovic SR, Cordivari C, Gerschlager W, Rothwell J, Frackowiak R (2006), “Aging is associated with contrasting changes in local and distant cortical connectivity in the human motor system.” Neuroimage 32(2):747-60 Details


Lund TE, Nørgaard MD, Rostrup E, Rowe JB, Paulson OB (2005), “Motion or activity: their role in intra- and inter-subject variation in fMRI.”Neuroimage 26(3):960-4 Details

Rounis E, Lee L, Siebner HR, Rowe JB, Friston KJ, Rothwell JC, Frackowiak RS (2005), “Frequency specific changes in regional cerebral blood flow and motor system connectivity following rTMS to the primary motor cortex.” Neuroimage 26(1):164-76 Details

Rowe JB, Stephan KE, Friston K, Frackowiak RS, Passingham RE (2005), “The prefrontal cortex shows context-specific changes in effective connectivity to motor or visual cortex during the selection of action or colour.” Cereb Cortex 15(1):85-95 Details

Vitali P, Abutalebi J, Tettamanti M, Rowe J, Scifo P, Fazio F, Cappa SF, Perani D (2005), “Generating animal and tool names: an fMRI study of effective connectivity.” Brain Lang 93(1):32-45 Details


Filipović SR, Siebner HR, Rowe JB, Cordivari C, Gerschlager W, Rothwell JC, Frackowiak RS, Bhatia KP (2004), “Modulation of cortical activity by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS): a review of functional imaging studies and the potential use in dystonia.” Adv Neurol 94:45-52 Details


Grèzes J, Armony JL, Rowe J, Passingham RE (2003), “Activations related to "mirror" and "canonical" neurones in the human brain: an fMRI study.”Neuroimage 18(4):928-37 Details

Lee L, Siebner HR, Rowe JB, Rizzo V, Rothwell JC, Frackowiak RS, Friston KJ (2003), “Acute remapping within the motor system induced by low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.” J Neurosci 23(12):5308-18 Details

Siebner HR, Filipovic SR, Rowe JB, Cordivari C, Gerschlager W, Rothwell JC, Frackowiak RS, Bhatia KP (2003), “Patients with focal arm dystonia have increased sensitivity to slow-frequency repetitive TMS of the dorsal premotor cortex.” Brain 126(Pt 12):2710-25 Details

Stephan KE, Marshall JC, Friston KJ, Rowe JB, Ritzl A, Zilles K, Fink GR (2003), “Lateralized cognitive processes and lateralized task control in the human brain.” Science 301(5631):384-6 Details


Parker GJ, Stephan KE, Barker GJ, Rowe JB, MacManus DG, Wheeler-Kingshott CA, Ciccarelli O, Passingham RE, Spinks RL, Lemon RN, Turner R (2002), “Initial demonstration of in vivo tracing of axonal projections in the macaque brain and comparison with the human brain using diffusion tensor imaging and fast marching tractography.” Neuroimage 15(4):797-809 Details

Rowe J, Friston K, Frackowiak R, Passingham R (2002), “Attention to action: specific modulation of corticocortical interactions in humans.”Neuroimage 17(2):988-98 Details

Rowe J, Stephan KE, Friston K, Frackowiak R, Lees A, Passingham R (2002), “Attention to action in Parkinson's disease: impaired effective connectivity among frontal cortical regions.” Brain 125(Pt 2):276-89 Details

Sakai K, Rowe JB, Passingham RE (2002), “Parahippocampal reactivation signal at retrieval after interruption of rehearsal.” J Neurosci 22(15):6315-20Details

Sakai K, Rowe JB, Passingham RE (2002), “Active maintenance in prefrontal area 46 creates distractor-resistant memory.” Nat Neurosci 5(5):479-84Details

Toni I, Rowe J, Stephan KE, Passingham RE (2002), “Changes of cortico-striatal effective connectivity during visuomotor learning.” Cereb Cortex12(10):1040-7 Details


Rowe JB, Owen AM, Johnsrude IS, Passingham RE (2001), “Imaging the mental components of a planning task.” Neuropsychologia 39(3):315-27Details

Rowe JB, Passingham RE (2001), “Working memory for location and time: activity in prefrontal area 46 relates to selection rather than maintenance in memory.” Neuroimage 14(1 Pt 1):77-86 Details


Rowe JB, Toni I, Josephs O, Frackowiak RS, Passingham RE (2000), “The prefrontal cortex: response selection or maintenance within working memory?” Science 288(5471):1656-60 Details


Rowe JB, Saunders JR, Durantou F, Robbins TW (1996), “Systemic idazoxan impairs performance in a non-reversal shift test: implications for the role of the central noradrenergic systems in selective attention.” J Psychopharmacol 10(3):188-94 Details

Rowe JB, Sullivan PF, Mulder RT, Joyce PR (1996), “The effect of a history of conduct disorder in adult major depression.” J Affect Disord 37(1):51-63 Details


Ellis J, Mulligan I, Rowe J, Sackett DL (1995), “Inpatient general medicine is evidence based. A-Team, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine.” Lancet346(8972):407-10 Details